Introduction to Project Atomic
Project Atomic facilitates application-centric IT architecture by providing an end-to-end solution for deploying containerized applications quickly and reliably, with
atomic update and rollback for application and host alike.
The core of Project Atomic is the Project Atomic Host. This is a lightweight operating system that has been assembled out of upstream RPM content. It is designed to run applications in Docker containers. Hosts based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Fedora, and CentOS (testing) are available for use.
Project Atomic hosts inherit the full features and advantages of their base distributions. This includes systemd, which provides container-dependency management and fault recovery. It also includes journald, which provides secure aggregation and attribution of container logs. Project Atomic builds on these features, using the following components, which have been tailored for containerized-application management:
- Docker, an open source project for creating lightweight, portable, self-sufficient application containers.
- Kubernetes, an open source project that allows you to manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system.
- rpm-ostree, an open source tool for managing bootable, immutable, versioned filesystem trees from upstream RPM content.
- systemd, an open source system and service manager for Linux.
How Can Project Atomic Help Me?
- The traditional enterprise OS model with a single runtime environment controlled by the OS and shared by all applications does not meet the requirements of modern application-centric IT.
- The complexity of the software stack, the amount of different stacks, and the speed of change have overwhelmed the ability of a single monolithic stack to deliver in a consistent way.
- Developer/DevOps-led shops seek control over the runtime underneath their applications, without necessarily owning the entire stack.
- VMs provide a means for separation among applications, but this model adds significant resource and management overhead.
Slimming down the host with the Atomic distribution limits the surface area and patch frequency for administrators. Docker containers offer developers and admins a clear path to delivering consistent and fully tested stacks from development to production. Containers secured with Linux namespaces, cGroups, and SELinux give isolation close to that of a VM, with much greater flexibility and efficiency. And simple, easy-to-use tools like Cockpit provide cross-cluster capabilities to deploy and manage applications.