With the latest release of Fedora Atomic Host we are now live in DigitalOcean! This was a popular user request. Thanks to the folks at DigitalOcean and the Fedora Atomic Working Group, we now have Fedora Atomic Host as an option when creating a droplet. Go ahead and spin up a droplet in the web interface or via the doctl CLI today!
A few things to note:
- Usually Fedora Atomic images have you log in as user fedora. But,
as with other DigitalOcean images, log into the Fedora 25
DigitalOcean cloud image with your ssh key as the
- In these images there’s no firewall on by default. There’s also no cloud provided firewall solution. We recommend that you secure your system immediately after you log in.
- Fedora Atomic Host should be available in all datacenters across the globe.
- If you have a problem with these images then drop us an email at email@example.com, or ping us in #atomic on Freenode.
Preparing to Launch a Droplet
In order to secure our system let’s create some
user-data that will
instruct cloud-init to enable the default system firewall on bringup.
This default firewall basically blocks everything but ssh:
#cloud-config bootcmd: - systemctl enable iptables --now
Later, we will have more complete instructions on setting up iptables with the correct ports for Kubernetes or OpenShift. If you are in the right datacenter region, we also recommend setting up Private Networking for your Atomic cluster.
Getting Started with the Web UI
You can create a Fedora 25 Atomic instance just like you can any other
droplet within DigitalOcean. On the Create Droplets page we can
25 x64 Atomic:
Then, after selecting
region, we can populate the user-data
Select additional options section:
After that we can go ahead and create the Droplet. Once it is up and running we have a nice little status that shows us the IP address of the machine:
And finally we should be able to access our droplet:
$ ssh firstname.lastname@example.org Warning: Permanently added '18.104.22.168' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts. [root@fedora-2gb-nyc2-01 ~]# [root@fedora-2gb-nyc2-01 ~]# rpm-ostree status State: idle Deployments: ● fedora-atomic:fedora-atomic/25/x86_64/docker-host Version: 25.113 (2017-04-25 01:47:29) Commit: 3492546bc1ef6bca1bc7801ed6bb041 ... OSName: fedora-atomic
Getting Started with the CLI
In addition to the Web UI, DigitalOcean has provided a tool for managing
droplets from the command line, known as
doctl. You can grab the
binary from the releases
page on GitHub and
interact with the API. In order to do this you need to generate an API
token. One way to
use this token is by setting the
variable to the value of the token.
Note DigitalOcean has provided a full tutorial on using doctl here.
First we’ll set the access token and retrieve the fingerprint for our ssh key we use within DigitalOcean:
$ export DIGITALOCEAN_ACCESS_TOKEN=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx ... $ doctl compute ssh-key list ID Name FingerPrint 84000 Ocean xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
Next we’ll create a file with the contents of the user-data we determined in the previous section:
$ cat <<EOF > ./user-data.txt #cloud-config bootcmd: - systemctl enable iptables --now EOF
Now we can spin up the droplet based off the
image. We’ll name it
$ doctl compute droplet create --image fedora-25-x64-atomic \ --region nyc3 --size 4gb \ --ssh-keys xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx \ --user-data-file ./user-data.txt atomicdroplet ID Name Public IPv4 Private IPv4 Public IPv6 Memory VCPUs Disk Region Image Status Tags 47047971 atomicdroplet 4096 2 60 nyc3 Fedora 25 x64 Atomic new
Next we’ll query the API again to see the status and to see what the IP address is set to:
$ doctl compute droplet list ID Name Public IPv4 Private IPv4 Public IPv6 Memory VCPUs Disk Region Image Status Tags 47047971 atomicdroplet 22.214.171.124 4096 2 60 nyc3 Fedora 25 x64 Atomic active
And on to accessing the droplet:
$ ssh email@example.com [root@atomicdroplet ~]# rpm-ostree status State: idle Deployments: ● fedora-atomic:fedora-atomic/25/x86_64/docker-host Version: 25.113 (2017-04-25 01:47:29) Commit: 3492546bc1ef6bca1bc7801ed6bb0414f90 ... OSName: fedora-atomic
Now that you have a Fedora Atomic Host droplet you can explore the world of containers by either running individual containers by hand or by utilizing a more advanced platform for container orchestration and life-cycle management. There are some docs on projectatomic.io which can help get you started.
We’ll add DigitalOcean to getfedora.org as soon as we can.
A special thanks to Ben Howard (@utlemming) from the DigitalOcean team as well as Lars Kellogg-Stedman (@larsks) from the Fedora Community for helping us find and fix many bugs in order to better support cloud-init static networking and ifcfg file support within NetworkManager.